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Japan, IN FACT, Has No Official Capital City

Truly, Tokyo city is often mistaken as the capital of Japan. However, this is only an unconfirmed capital, the country does not actually have an official one.

Why Tokyo isn’t the Capital City of Japan?

Shibuya, the always busy corner of Tokyo, Japan
Shibuya, the always busy corner of Tokyo, Japan.

The reason is, in Japan, the residence of the Emperor is considered the capital city. Based on Tokyo Metropolitan Government (n.d.), throughout a long time before 1868, the Emperor’s residence was located in Kyoto, which was a formal capital city of Japan. After 1868, the Emperor, as well as the country’s government, resided in Edo, which is later known as Tokyo Metropolis. As a result, Tokyo became the capital city of the nation.

In 1950, the Japanese government made a decision to locate the capital in this city. However, a few years later, the leaders have taken back the decision. Therefore, Japan has no official capital city so far. Furthermore, “Capital of Japan’s Law and Custom” (Wikipedia 2021) states that “While no laws have designated Tokyo as the Japanese capital, many laws have defined a “capital area” (首都圏, shuto-ken) that incorporates Tokyo”.

The Land of the Rising Sun

According to World Atlas, Japan is a country in East Asia. The country has an area of ​​more than 377,000 km2 and a population of more than 126 million people. Also, Japan consists of about 6,852 large and small islands, of which 4 main islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. Indeed, the nation’s territory is isolated on the sea, with no land border with any country.

People call Japan in many different names. There are some of the most well-known names are “The Land of the Rising Sun”, Fusang, “The Land of Cherry Blossom”, or “The Land of Tea Ceremony”, etc. In it, Fusang, or Fusō, is one of the popular names when referring to Japan. This nickname is called after the name of a tree species.

Following the name “The Land of the Rising Sun”, the Japan flag has a rectangle shape with two main colors, the white background with a large red circle, which symbolizes the Sun, in the center.

What is There in Japan to Discover

View of Chureito Pagoda and Mount Fuji in Japan.

Definitely, it’s Mount Fuji coming first. It is the tallest mountain in Japan and is also a famous symbol of this country. Moreover, this mountain is often the subject of paintings and photography, art, literature, and music. Alongside, this is one of the “Three Holy Mountains” of Japan along with Mount Take and Mount Haku.

Besides that, there are destinations in Japan, particularly in Tokyo that travelers can visit:

The current monetary unit of Japan is the Yen. Actually, it is the third most traded currency on the foreign exchange market, after the US dollar and Euro. Thus, don’t forget to exchange some for your trip to the country.



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